Archive For The “Europe” Category
By Michael Bruter, Sarah Harrison
This booklet provides the result of a brand new comparative learn venture at the trajectories, motivations, perceptions and attitudes of younger individuals (aged 18-25) of thirteen varied eu political events in GB, France, Germany, Spain, Norway and Hungary. The venture mixed a mass survey of 2919 younger get together participants with 507 in-depth interviews.
By Michael Wintle Jamal Shahin
This paintings examines the problems thrown up through the reintergration of Europe on the grounds that 1989-90, through the first viewpoint of eu identification. ecu stories experts from Britain, Germany and the Netherlands evaluation Europe's growth because the finish of the chilly struggle. adjustments inside of Europe and unifying components are either assessed for you to study what Europe has develop into and is becomming at the start of the twenty first century.
By David G. Mayes
Tackles the feedback that the eu group is an unbalanced association, the place the trail to nearer integration could contain an inequitable distribution of the advantages to giant corporations, instead of to the general public at huge, the fewer wealthy elements of the neighborhood and people in employment.
By Paul Douglas Lockhart
One of many biggest states in Europe and the best of the Protestant powers, Denmark within the 16th and 17th centuries was once on the peak of its effect. Embracing Norway, Iceland, parts of southern Sweden and northern Germany, the Danish monarchy ruled the important Baltic exchange. in spite of the fact that, its geopolitical value a long way surpassed its modest assets. Paul Douglas Lockhart examines the quick and maybe not going occupation of Denmark because the significant strength of northern Europe, exploring its upward push to the vanguard of eu affairs and its next decline in fortunes following its disastrous involvement within the Thirty Years' War.
utilizing the newest learn from Danish and different Scandinavian students Lockhart makes a speciality of key matters, from the dynamic position of the Oldenburg monarchy in bringing approximately Denmark's "European integration", to the effect of the Protestant Reformation on Danish tradition. The multi-national personality of the Danish monarchy is explored in-depth, particularly how the Oldenburg kings of Denmark sought to set up their authority over their sizable-and sometimes contentious-Norwegian, Icelandic, and German minorities. Denmark's participation in overseas politics and trade is usually investigated, besides the ability fight among Denmark and its rival Sweden over Baltic dominion, and the Danes' special approach to inner governance.
By Anne Eriksen
Eighteenth-century gentleman students accumulated antiquities. Nineteenth-century kingdom states equipped museums to maintain their ancient monuments. within the current international, historical past is a world predicament in addition to a subject matter of id politics. What does it suggest whilst runic stones or medieval church buildings are reworked from antiquities to monuments to background websites? This e-book argues that the ameliorations problem greater than phrases by myself: They replicate basic adjustments within the means we event the previous, and how ancient gadgets are assigned which means and cost within the current. This booklet provides a sequence of situations from Norwegian tradition to discover how old gadgets and websites have replaced in which means through the years. It contributes to the modern debates over collective reminiscence and cultural historical past to boot to our wisdom approximately early sleek antiquarianism.
This ebook collects leading edge learn offered on the seventeenth convention of the organization of Geographic details Laboratories for Europe (AGILE) on Geographic info technology, held in 2014 in Castellón, Spain. The medical papers conceal numerous primary learn issues in addition to utilized examine in Geospatial details technological know-how, together with measuring spatiotemporal phenomena, crowdsourcing and VGI, geosensor networks, indoor navigation, spatiotemporal research, modeling and visualization, spatiotemporal determination aid, electronic earth and spatial details infrastructures.
The e-book is meant for researchers, practitioners, and scholars operating in a variety of fields and disciplines on the topic of Geospatial info technological know-how and technology.
The mountain areas in Southeastern Europe are particular common areas of serious good looks and ecological price, and residential of the pinnacle waters of significant rivers. They represent a massive ecological, monetary, cultural, leisure and residing setting in Europe, shared by way of a variety of cultures and international locations. The Southeastern ecu Mountain areas are an incredible reservoir for biodiversity and habitats in Europe. quite a few safe parts – nationwide parks, nature parks, reserves and nature monuments can be found in those areas. From a socio-economic standpoint the mountain areas are one of the poorest components within the Southeastern eu international locations, yet they've got capability for the implementation of winning monetary actions. There are possibilities for improvement of those areas and, particularly, for trans-border integration and co-operation.
This booklet brings jointly learn effects from experts from all Balkan international locations engaged on the issues of the mountain areas in Southeastern Europe. the quantity makes a speciality of the demanding situations occurring alongside the fast transformation in land use, biodiversity, tourism, nature probability and bio-productivity as a result international adjustments and especially a result of neighborhood affects of weather switch. the foremost questions for dialogue are:
- Biodiversity, nature safeguard and conservation
- typical failures and possibility management
- Social-economical improvement of the mountain regions
- Spatial making plans within the improvement of the mountain regions
- Sustainable practices and politics for land use
- Transborder co-operation.
Goods have been firmly at the eu financial time table within the Nineties: monetary industry integration and the construction of a standard or unmarried foreign money. the previous used to be purported to were completed in 1992 (via the only industry Act, with a few derogations), and the latter got here into being on January 1, 1999. This research is worried with a specific connection among the 2 issues, specifically the method of monetary intermediation and particularly the position of banking. 1.1 monetary & financial Integration in Europe Up till the mid-1980s, eu monetary intermediation used to be, as else the place 'on shore' within the post-war interval, generally characterized through a comparatively excessive measure of numerous regulatory keep watch over and with cross-border regulations (e.g., within the kind of trade controls). This led to the management of rates of interest and pegging of best industry yields, in addition to regulations on middleman specialisation. consequently, it used to be effortless to appreciate why fee c ,etition was once hardly noticeable. inside this sort of surroundings, banks and different monetary intermediaries (OFIs) competed typically on non-price phrases - for instance, during the enlargement of department networks. the only marketplace Programme (SMP),l introduced in 1986, was once in a com plex approach meant to point out and open up the family markets of the ecu Union (EU) to festival from entities in different Member States.
By Siro Lombardini (auth.), Siro Lombardini, Pier Carlo Padoan (eds.)
At the top of 1991, the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei hosted the combination Symposium of the Confederation of ecu institutions of Economists on "Europe among East and South". This quantity brings jointly the chosen and edited court cases of the convention. the focal point of the publication is the transformation of the previously deliberate economies in jap and critical Europe from a global viewpoint. the hole up of the japanese bloc provides a brand new and intensely tough measurement to the connection among the extra and the fewer built economies. just about all constructing international locations applied liberalisation rules through the Eighties, thereby dramatically expanding the industry orientation in their economies. The "recipes" utilized in the South also are being utilized nearly unmodified, in jap Europe. The symposium was once one of many first forays evaluating the 2 units of studies, displaying that the teachings from the South are of serious worth for japanese ecu reforms. Reforms in japanese ecu international locations both impact fiscal flows among Europe and constructing nations, and create new demanding situations for ecu nations themselves. japanese Europe is an enclave of inexpensive and comparatively expert labour, therefore a dramatic aggressive risk for different constructing international locations and poorer EC areas. in addition, the strategic relevance of this region for the western global is probably going to reason a diversion of public assets formerly earmarked for the improvement of southern economies. a majority of these matters can have great effects for the environment.